The enamel is subjected to daily processes of losing and obtaining minerals (mineralization and demineralization). The formation of teeth deposits is a fertile ground for the emergence of bacteria that feed on sugars in our mouth, and also produce acids that dissolve the crystals on the tooth surface. In this way, the demineralization phase begins. The reverse process is the enamel rebuilding and for that phase to be successful the crucial role is played by minerals such as fluoride, calcium and phosphate that are deposited on the teeth. Teeth fluoridation is a process that should be done regularly as a preventive every 6 months to a year, depending on the condition of tooth enamel.
It is best to carry out the process during a regular checkup, after professional tooth cleaning. The teeth must be completely clean and free of deposits to achieve the full effect. It is desirable that all teeth are healthy and without cavities. Treatment can be performed by placing a special gel directly to the teeth and it only takes about 15 to 20 minutes. During this time, the patient keeps his mouth slightly open, to avoid leaching of gel by saliva.